PlantUml Sequence Diagram

PlantUml Unlimited guide to create Sequence Diagram easily with VS Code. Being a Architect you always need to design and create the Sequence diagram for your High level solution and Low level solution. There are different tool are available in market to build Sequence Diagram. Today we will talk about PlantUml. We will learn how to create PlantUml Sequence Diagram.

What is PlantUML?

PlantUml can create all sorts of activity, sequence, state, class and a lot of other diagrams. We will cover Sequence diagrams in this post which is a major part of software design and architecture. Sequence diagrams provides basic functionality to document and show any flow on a diagram.

PlantUML with VS Code

You can add PlantUML plugin in your VsCode. Make sure you have java runtime available in your machine. Then you can start writing script to create the Sequence Diagram. Press ALT+D to preview the diagrams.

Element of PlantUML

1. startuml and enduml

Use @startuml and @enduml to write the script. All element should be with in the tag.

2. Participant

Use participant tab to include the actors in your Sequence Diagram. You can use all below participant to change the shape of the participant representation:

  • actor
  • boundary
  • control
  • entity
  • database
  • collections
  • queue

Rename a participant using the as keyword.

3. Sequence –>

The sequence -> is used to draw a message between two actors and Participants.

Salesforce --> Azure: Authentication Request
Salesforce <-- Azure: Response
  • -> For solid line
  • –> dotted line

3.1 Self Message

Apex -> Apex: Hello

3.2 Text Alignment

Text alignment on arrows can be set to leftright or center using skinparam sequenceMessageAlign.

skinparam sequenceMessageAlign right
Salesforce -> Azure : Request
Salesforce -> Azure : Response

3.3. Message sequence numbering

The keyword autonumber is used to automatically add an incrementing number to messages.

4. Grouping message

It is possible to group messages together using the following keywords:

  • alt/else
  • opt
  • loop
  • par
  • break
  • critical
  • group, followed by a text to be displayed

5. Notes on messages

You can put notes on message using the note left or note right keywords just after the message.You can have a multi-line note using the end note keywords.

Salesforce->Azure : hello
note left: this is a first note

Salesforce->Azure : ok
note right: this is another note


PlantUML Sequence Diagram Video

YouTube video

Sample PlantUML Sequence Diagram


title "Sample UML"
actor user as EndUser
participant "Salesforce" as SFDC 
participant "Integration Layer" as ESB
participant "Payment Gateway" as PayGateway
participant "Order System" as Order

group Step: Card Validation
        EndUser -> SFDC : Enter Credit card Number
        SFDC -> PayGateway ++ : Get card type with 4 digit
        SFDC <- PayGateway: Return Type Visa/Master
        EndUser -> SFDC: Provide Card Details
        SFDC -> PayGateway: POST: detail To get Secure Token
        SFDC <- PayGateway: Get Secure Token
        SFDC -> SFDC : Encypt card detail and save

    else Card Validation failed
        EndUser <- PayGateway --: Invalid card Detail

group Step: Submit Order
    EndUser -> SFDC ++: Submit Order
    SFDC -> PayGateway ++: Post: Validate payment
    SFDC <- PayGateway --: get PaymentId
    SFDC -> Order --: Inform other system for shiping



PlantUML Sequence Diagram
PlantUML Sequence Diagram
Amit Chaudhary
Amit Chaudhary

Amit Chaudhary is Salesforce Application & System Architect and working on Salesforce Platform since 2010. He is Salesforce MVP since 2017 and have 17 Salesforce Certificates.

He is a active blogger and founder of Apex Hours.

Articles: 465

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